Pessimism in pastoral sector sees NZ farmer confidence slip
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Increased pessimism in the pastoral sector sees NZ farmer confidence slip further into negative territory

Results at a Glance

  • New Zealand farmer confidence fell for the third straight quarter pushing the net rural confidence reading further into negative territory – with more of the country’s farmers pessimistic than optimistic.
  • Sentiment was down among dairy farmers and sheep and beef farmers, but rose among horticulturalists
  • Concerns over government policy, falling commodity prices, overseas markets/economies and rising input costs were the key reasons cited for farmer pessimism
  • Farmers’ expectations of their own farm business performance were down on last quarter, but remain at positive levels overall
  • Investment intentions were lower among dairy and sheep and beef farmers, but higher among horticulturalists.


A mix of concerns negatively impacting sentiment among pastoral farmers has seen New Zealand rural confidence drop for the third consecutive quarter.

The last quarterly survey for the year – completed last month – has shown the nation’s net farmer confidence has fallen to -15 per cent, down from -three per cent recorded in the September 2018 survey.

The survey found a decline in the number of farmers expecting agricultural economic conditions to improve in the coming 12 months (down to 14 per cent from 20 per cent last quarter), while an increased number of New Zealand farmers were expecting the performance of the agricultural economy to worsen (29 per cent from 23 per cent last survey). The number of farmers expecting conditions to remain the same stood at 53 percent, down from 54 per cent previously).

Rabobank New Zealand general manager for Country Banking Hayley Gourley said while horticulturalists were more positive in their outlook, the overall drop in farmer confidence had been driven by greater pessimism among pastoral farmers.

“Horticulturalists’ net confidence flipped from negative to positive this quarter, rising from – four per cent last survey to +nine per cent, however there were significant falls in confidence for dairy farmers, with sentiment declining to a net reading of -21 per cent from –9 per cent last quarter, and for sheep and beef farmers, with confidence dropping to –12 per cent from +seven per cent previously,” she said.

“In both of New Zealand’s key pastoral sectors there are now more farmers expecting conditions in the agricultural economy to worsen in the coming year, than those expecting an improvement, and this is this first time we’ve seen this since quarter one 2016. This is particularly unusual during a period where product prices are at good levels and the climate has generally been favourable for most producers.”

Among those New Zealand farmers expecting conditions to deteriorate, the survey found the most significantly cited concern was government policies (45 per cent) while falling commodity prices (37 per cent), rising input costs (28 per cent) and overseas markets (27 per cent) also featured prominently.

“Rather than one single factor driving confidence lower, the survey results indicate a range of factors are responsible,” Ms Gourley said.

“The proportion of farmers citing government policy as a reason for a negative outlook is relatively stable from last quarter, however, in this survey we’ve seen a jump in the number of farmers flagging concerns over falling commodity prices, rising input costs and overseas markets.”

Ms Gourley said dairy farmers were chiefly behind the increased concerns around commodity pricing while both dairy and sheep and beef farmers were now considerably more worried about rising farm input costs.

“Almost half of dairy farmers expecting conditions to worsen cited falling commodity prices as a key factor with this likely to have been driven by lower pricing at recent Global Dairy Trade events and Fonterra’s downward revision of their 2018/19 forecast farmgate milk price in October,” she said “Farmers from both pastoral sectors were also more concerned about rising farm input costs which have increased over recent months as a result of spiralling global urea prices that have increased local prices to $165 a tonne,” she said.

“In addition to these factors, the verbatim comments collected in the survey suggest Fonterra’s recent performance issues and Mycoplasma bovis are further areas of concern for farmers.”

Individual business performance

The survey found farmers’ confidence in their own farm business performance also down this quarter, dropping from a net reading of +21 per cent last quarter to +seven per cent this survey.

Twenty-six per cent of farmers now expect their own farm business performance to improve in the next 12 months (down from 34 per cent last quarter), with 19 per cent expecting performance to worsen (up from 13 per cent). A total of 53 per cent expected their business performance to remain stable (up from 52 per cent).

“In line with the results for the agricultural economy, farmers in the dairy and sheep and beef sectors were less positive about the performance of their own business while horticulturalists were more optimistic,” she said.

Ms Gourley said 34 per cent of horticulturalists were now expecting their own business performance to improve in the next 12 months, up from 26 percent last quarter, while the number expecting performance to worsen fell from 15 per cent to 10 per cent.

“Overseas demand for New Zealand’s horticultural products remains strong while the conclusion of the Comprehensive Progressive Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTTP) is a further recent boost for New Zealand’s horticultural exporters,” she said.

“In particular, growers will benefit via the Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with Japan included as part of the CTTP. This is set to be implemented on December 30 this year, and will create a level playing field with other exporters like Australia and Chile who already have FTA’s with Japan in place.”

Dairy farmers expectations for their own farm business performance fell to a net reading of –six per cent (+19 previously) while sheep and beef farmers dropped to a net reading of +13 per cent (+31 per cent last quarter).

Farm Investment

The survey found farmers’ investment intentions were also down on last quarter, but remained in net positive territory, with overall more farmers intending to increase than decrease investment in their farm businesses.

Twenty-four per cent of farmers were expecting to invest more in the coming year (down from 26 per cent last quarter) and 12 per cent were expecting to reduce investment (nine per cent last quarter) – a net investment reading of +12 per cent.

Ms Gourley said lower confidence among pastoral farmers had flowed through to reduced investment intentions with sheep and beef farmers indicating a reduced appetite for investment in the coming 12 months, while dairy farmers had the weakest investment intentions of all farmer groups.

“Horticulturalists on the other hand had stronger investment intentions with 40 per cent of growers now expecting to increase investment and only two per cent expecting to invest less,” she said.

Conducted since 2003, the Rabobank Rural Confidence Survey is administered by independent research agency TNS, interviewing a panel of approximately 450 farmers each quarter.

Rabobank Australia & New Zealand is a part of the global Rabobank Group, the world’s leading specialist in food and agribusiness banking. Rabobank has nearly 120 years’ experience providing customised banking and finance solutions to businesses involved in all aspects of food and agribusiness. Rabobank is structured as a cooperative and operates in 40 countries, servicing the needs of approximately 8.6 million clients worldwide through a network of more than 1000 offices and branches. Rabobank Australia & New Zealand is one of Australasia’s leading agricultural lenders and a significant provider of business and corporate banking and financial services to the region’s food and agribusiness sector. The bank has 94 branches throughout Australia and New Zealand.

Media contacts:

David Johnston
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Rabobank New Zealand
Phone: 04 819 2711 or 027 477 8153

Denise Shaw
Head of Media Relations 
Rabobank Australia & New Zealand 
Phone: +612 8115 2744 or +61 2 439 603 525